Understanding American Blackjack

American Blackjack is the most common form of blackjack found in casinos across the United States. These are its key distinguishing features:

  • Hole Card: The dealer receives two cards at the beginning of the round, one face down (hole card) and one face up.
  • Dealer Peek: The dealer checks for a blackjack (an Ace and a 10-value card) immediately if their face-up card is an Ace or a 10-value. If they have a blackjack, the round ends and players with blackjack push (tie), and all others lose.
  • Soft 17: In most American Blackjack variations, the dealer must stand on a soft 17 (a hand with an Ace counted as 11, totaling 17).
  • Late Surrender: Not available in American Blackjack.
  • Splitting: Players can split pairs up to three times, creating up to four hands. Aces can typically only be split once, and you’ll receive only one additional card to each newly-split Ace.
  • Doubling Down: Typically allowed after splitting as well as on your initial two cards.

How American Blackjack Differs

  • Hole Card / Dealer Peek: The biggest difference found in many other blackjack variations is the dealer taking their hole card at the beginning of the round. This gives the house a slight advantage since the player acts first without knowing the dealer’s full hand value.
  • Soft 17: In some European Blackjack variations, the dealer hits on a soft 17, slightly improving player odds.
  • Late Surrender: Available in some forms of blackjack, late surrender lets you forfeit half your bet after seeing the dealer’s hole card if the situation is unfavorable.

Tips and Tricks

  1. Basic Strategy: Master the basic strategy chart for American Blackjack. This chart tells you the mathematically optimal decision (hit, stand, double down, or split) based on your hand and the dealer’s up card. You can find reliable basic strategy charts online.
  2. Insurance: When the dealer shows an Ace, you’re offered “insurance.” Avoid insurance; it’s generally a bad bet for the player.
  3. Card Counting: While difficult, card counting is possible in American Blackjack. It gives you a slight edge if you can track the ratio of high cards to low cards remaining in the deck(s).
  4. Table Rules: Pay attention to specific table rules as they can vary slightly (e.g., doubling down restrictions, number of splits allowed).


  • House Edge: American Blackjack typically has a house edge of around 0.5%, but it can vary based on specific table rules.
  • Basic Strategy Benefits: Perfect basic strategy can reduce the house edge even further in some situations.
  • Card Counting Impact: Skilled card counters can potentially tip the odds in their favor, but this is challenging and casinos counter it actively.

Remember: Blackjack is ultimately a game of chance, but by understanding the rules of American Blackjack, employing basic strategy, and being aware of the odds, you can improve your chances of success and enjoyment at the tables.

  • 6 Decks, Dealer Stands on Soft 17
  • Dealer Peeks for BJ
  • Double on Any Two Cards, DAS
  • House Edge = 0.46%
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